H�tSKN�0��]��؎�8�i�)\�G@ ���B>��i+u��O^.����= ��8#`���c��� B����h. %%EOF A part of the altar and its surviving reliefs, restored and mounted, now stands in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. When Alexander died in 323 BCE, his generals divided the territory he had conquered, which resulted in a power struggle between them. Under Hadrian (117-138 CE), the city was favoured by several imperial initiatives. Written by Cristian Violatti, published on 14 June 2015 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 0 142 0 obj The Greeks denounced Eumenes as a traitor for joining the Romans against his own fellow Greeks. During the second half of the 3rd century CE Pergamon started to decline. xref Around this time, Pergamon was little more than a hilltop fortress with a settlement on its southern side. Peace and alliance is established between the. Under Attalus I Pergamon became the capital of the most powerful kingdom in Anatolia. Pergamon is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Hellenistic center, Pergamon. <> 0000031071 00000 n endstream endobj <> The Romans, whose toleration for civic disturbance was low, eventually restored order, but Pergamon soon lost its status and the neighbouring city of Ephesus became the new provincial capital. The Hellenistic Period witnessed the glory and power of the Greek Empire reaching its zenith.

https://www.ancient.eu/pergamon/. 0000019724 00000 n Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Not everyone accepted the new Roman administration though and a number of revolts took place. 0000003430 00000 n "Hellenistic" is a modern word and a 19th-century concept; the idea of a Hellenistic period did not exist in ancient Greece.Although words related in form or meaning, e.g. The Thracian Gigante (Giant) Alcyoneus seized by the hair, frieze detail from the marble relief on the east side of the great altar of Zeus. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! �:ґ�N��Ѡ>]��\޺Ȁ�����'!G4�����Y(��^V?t��5j�>��F��.�7î{|&C6LJC����E�$W��u����TǏ��"O\a?f�� �R�O�}��Tco�U ... "Sculpture of Pergamon," 79-110, with the Gallic trophies and the great altar exte-rior, 233-235 with the plans at 247, on the city and the citadel architecture; ... and their overtly constitutionalist styles of hegemony over Greek subject cities will have encouraged Roman prag- Related Content

It is one of the most impressive works of art surviving from antiquity. The Pergamon Museum also contains other large archaeological structures, including the Market…, …the great reliefs from the altar of Zeus, now in Berlin, and copies of dedicatory statues showing defeated Gauls. %PDF-1.7 %���� Things got worse in 262 CE due to an earthquake and after that the city was sacked by the Goths. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/pergamon/. 117 0 obj trailer Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Inspired by the rich lessons of history, Cristian's goal is to stimulate ideas and to spark the intellectual curiosity of his audience. 0000002329 00000 n This ArtHearty post chronicles the features and achievements of Hellenistic art. The treaty of Apamea Kibotos. 114 0 obj Violatti, Cristian. 111 32 This is believed to be just ten percent of the total for the entire library. 0000004296 00000 n 0000001737 00000 n <<0914DE3DEFA9B2110A0060538417FE7F>]/Prev 1563652>> This gigantic monument is a convincing and lasting testimony to the power and prestige that was enjoyed by this once great city. Eumenes also established a centre of scholarship and research by creating a library second only to Alexandria’s in terms of the number of volumes and repute of its scholars. Reconstruction of the Pergamon Altarby Raimond Spekking (CC BY-NC-SA). The Great Altar was constructed during the reign of Eumenes II (see above) and has a surface area of some 36 by 34 metres. …Athena Nicephorus; and the great altar of Zeus with its richly decorated frieze, a masterpiece of Hellenistic art.

This new scenario did, though, turn Pergamon into a middle-ranking kingdom and Eumenes truly wealthy. <<>> Considered a masterpiece of the Hellenistic Age, this ancient Greek structure was shipped to Berlin in 1910, and the museum was built, in part, to house it. As a result, the authorities of Pergamon encouraged the mass production of “parchment” (treated skins of sheep and calves), which had long been used for writing purposes in the East. By this time, Pergamon embraced the polis (or city-state) model of civic organization.

endobj 121 0 obj Pergamon was now the capital of the most powerful kingdom in Anatolia. Philatauerus appropriated the money and declared his independence, but in order to avoid unnecessary risks, he wisely swore loyalty to Seleucus and Pergamon became part of the Seleucid Empire. Parchment ended up rivalling paper as a means of communication; it was much more expensive than papyrus but also more durable. its attempt to stir emotions its emulation of fourth-century Greek sculpture its smooth, evenly illuminated surface its representation of a god 4.



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