Organizations formed for the purpose of representing their members' interests in dealing with employers, Field that emphasizes skills managers and union leaders can use to minimize costly forms of conflict (such as strikes) and seek win-win solutions to disagreements, American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations. The NLRB responds to complaints of unions, employees, and employers. represented workers in lower paying jobs like the service industry. Most Union Organizing begins at what level? If they plan ahead and build up stock in their product they will be more able to take a strike. The President could get involved if the dispute imperiled the Nation. Whoever has the highest Seniority level gets the open job or promotion. The right to unionize 2. trucking industry, got in trouble for racketeering. Frustration is the main catalyst for people to join a union. What made union decertification possible? applies to rail and air carriers and their non-managerial employees service interruptions are not allowed. When unemployment is high you can pay less for new hires, when it is low you have to pay more.

The workers felt they should be paid more for the nicer shoes. Irish minors appressed by English Laws discriminating against Roman Catholics, stuck when mine owners cut wages below the agreed minimum.

The American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees give 25% to political cause. As the campaigns gains momentum, an internal organizing committee is established. The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency that protects the rights of private sector employees to join together, with or without a union, to improve their wages and working … Diehards formed a secret organization to terrorize recalcitrant owners. James McParlan, a Pinkerton detective, infiltrated them as a mole...resulting in 10 being hanged and 14 jailed. Finally, it has been suggested that the workplace governance paradigm is changing away from unionism as a mechanism for gaining voice and that unions might not be the best platform for representing the plethora of interests among groups of employees.

After any challenges are resolved, the regional director certifies the results.

Deal with wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment. One member designated by the president, …

False (Unfair labor practices were established on the part of management; Taft-Hartley established them for unions.). Occurs when a unionized employment practice is adopted by nonunion employers in order to avoid unionization by copying what unions have won for their members.

True/False: NLRB determines which states are Right-to-Work. Federal government agency that enforces the NLRA by conducting and certifying representation elections and investigating unfair labor practices The right to strike 3.

The act aims at regulating labor and management practices that occur in the private sector. There were three grades of shoes. Worker control... 4. collective…, the market will clear itself and is self-regulating, competiti…, middleman between the employee and employers, creating good po…, complete control, determine the condition of their own work, The first federation of labor unions in the United States. Employer cant discriminate in hiring a person based on their union membership. Any interference, coercion, or restraints against any employee in their …

Was established under which a union could be punished if either its means or its ends were deemed illegal by the courts. Congress created the National Labor Relations Act, or NLRA, in 1935. How many days must written notice be given before the intended changes would go into effect. True/False: Protection from union misconduct was established by the Landrum-Griffin Act. represent skilled electricians, electrical equipment manufacturers, utilities, construction, telecommunications ect... Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS).

Involves managers (representing ownership interests) and a lab…, Dispute over what the terms or conditions of employment or wor…, Disputes over interpretation or application of a contracts ter…, Can be placed in 2 general categories... 1- Rules governing compe…, the process whereby unions and managements negotiate and admin…, a permanent employee association that has as its primary goal…, the major labor union federation in the United States, with so…, agency of the U.S. Department of Labor that is concerned princ…, ongoing interchange between the union and the employer that id…, basis for the practice of labor relations within a unionized e…, creates a legal entity that can act as if it were a person, individuals and organizations can collectively hold a corp; ea…, A group of workers who join together to influence the nature o…, About collective workrelated protection, influence, and voice, Aggressive union-busting tactics; Progressive HRM tactics that…, When strikes happen, possible harm to society due to low work…, those individuals or groups responsible for promoting the goal…, employees and the unions that represent the employees, an organization established to represent the interest of emplo…, it arises when an employer locks out employees to avoid losses…, -compensation includes wages, benefits, vacations & holidays,…, -legally enforceable documents that specify the laws of the wo…, 1. interests (what they are really concerned about)... 2. options…, negotiators are situated in a complex environment that provide…, 1. competitive markets... 2. is an organization or a manager or supervisor acting on its behalf. Provisions were made for intervention in strikes likely to create a national emergency. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. requires that the employer agree not to oppose future organizing drives by the union within the company. True/False: NLRA established unfair labor practices on the part of the union.

Meaning that it is unlawful for an employer to require an employee, as a condition of employment, or of continuance of employment to: State laws that make union shops, maintenance of membership, and agency shops illegal, Federal government agency that enforces the NLRA by conducting and certifying representation elections and investigating unfair labor practices. Depending on the economic environment; if there is high unemployment then they are less concerned about pay. They sabotaged mines and threatened owners and supervisors. established individual union members rights to freedom of speech, equal voting, control of dues increases, and copies of labor agreement. When union organizers get a job at the targeted firm to gain closer contact with employees. this (1935) act gave workers the right to join labor unions. Unions and employers have a mutual duty to bargain in good faith about wages, hours, and terms and conditions of employment. Highest penetration of unionism is in the Northeast and Midwest.

Under the Act, employees are guaranteed specific rights including: 1. They are most necessary where local members work on a project basis and move between employers as work is finished on one project and becomes available on another. The US Court of Appeals enforces non-compliance to a NLRB ruling. Communities organized open-shop committees to protect citizens from outside labor organizers. the Employee Free Choice Act would eliminate the need for elections if the majority of the bargaining unit members had signed cards. Landrum-Griffin requires elections to be held at least once every three years. An employee who works in a union shop but is not a member of the union are represented but cannot vote on officers or the contract. In order to achieve this goal, the NLRB was established for the purpose of enforcement. Within the limits imposed by public policy, unions and employers are free to devise and implement their own relationships, usually through a negotiated contract together with each party's management mechanisms to administer, interpret, and enforce the agreement. National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) of 1935 (Wagner Act), Purpose: to balance employee and employer rights, Outlawed recognition or organizational picketing if another union was in place. True/False: In right-to-work states, employees do not have to become members of the union. Members serve 5 year terms and may be reappointed. If a Union doesn't get voted in they have to wait 1 year before they can vote again. Closed Shop (Union Shop) you have to be in the union to work there. Penalties an employer is subject to when they violate Labor Laws. Through their rulings on ULP cases, the NLRB and courts have established guidelines of permissible conduct for unions and employers in organizing campaigns. The Organizing of an Employer Begins with what? Employer bargaining power in increased with their ability to take a strike. *The employee is never required to join a union. Employer may not interfere with an employee engaging in an activity protected by section 7, Employer may not assist or dominate a labor organization, Employer cannot recognize one union to avoid dealing with another union, If two unions are vying to organize a group of workers an employer cant express a preference. Organizing begins with an authorization card campaign and ends with the NLRB certifying the election results. If a company in merges with another company or is acquired then the new owners assumes the existing contract.

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