The British government—fueled largely by mining corporations, especially De Beer whose head, Cecil Rhodes, was He published a huge body of plays, poems, criticism, and works of fiction, some of which sold very well. In New York City he worked as a barboy in Greenwich Village and then at a carpet mill in Yonkers for two years, all the time reading and writing.

Road-rails, pig-lead, There is also an extensive bibliography divided into categories. He read insatiably, and his poems began to be published in periodicals, followed by a first collection of poetry when he was twenty‑four. The Boer War began in 1899 when Britain annexed the Boer-controlled provinces of Transvaal and the Orange Free State in South Africa. “Cargoes” was included in Masefield’s second volume of verse, Ballads, published in 1903. In 1899 his first poem was published in Outlook, a literary and political journal. The overall impression is that of a world that is frenzied, sooty, and ugly. ." Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Curated collections of poems and learning resources. But this was not enough: “The throne had six steps, and at the back of the throne was a calf’s head, and on each side of the seat were arm rests and two lions standing beside the arm rests, while twelve lions stood there, one on each end of a step on the six steps.” Apes and peacocks were also shipped in, but there is no mention of precisely what Solomon did with these. provided at no charge for educational purposes. A quinquireme is an ancient ship with five banks of oars. While this material will be distributed to the masses in the form of wages and some services, such as railroads, these masses will arguably be poorer and more dependent on someone else than ever before. How are the words and pictures in the final verse different? Topazes, and cinnamon, and gold moidores. During his wife’s second pregnancy, Masefield developed a deep infatuation for a woman, Elizabeth Robins, who was old enough to be his mother. In 1901, at the age of 23, Masefield left the bank and began life as a free-lance writer. The first ancient, leisurely journey is set approximately in classical times and is undertaken on a “Quinquireme” or Roman galley “with five files of oarsmen on each side” between “Ophir” in North Africa to “Nineveh” in the Middle East. The coaster’s cargo will not be confined to palaces and manor houses; it will be distributed throughout the country to factories for energy and for reprocessing, furnishing jobs to the urban masses dispossessed of any link to lands they once farmed. Here the allegorical aspect is that material goods are the result of plunder and that the world operates on the “dog-eat-dog” principle of one group taking from another. The iambic foot is also the measure of the Renaissance—the meter of Shakespeare’s plays and sonnets—and it is no coincidence that Masefield chooses to frame his Renaissance journey of a “Spanish galleon ... / Dipping through the Tropics” in the iambic foot. B. Priestly, that if the working masses were given more money and leisure time, there was no telling what they might do with it. By establishing the ionic (major) as the initial and shaping measure of the opening stanza of “Cargoes,” Masefield is setting the reader up for the gradual rise in the tempo of the stanzas and for the surprising metrical shifts and variations that hallmark each succeeding stanza. Captain William Kidd (c. 1645-1701) was one of the most notorious pirates in history. Branding and website by Howoco The cargo is no longer exotic, but it is utilitarian and of mass appeal. The first, second, and fifth lines of every stanza are best read with three feet to a line (trimeter), though some lines, such as the first line, are comfortably read with four feet (tetrameter). Such topics include land, labor, stocks, and the progress of opulence in different nations. Smith’s work of one thousand plus pages from 1976 rests on a solid belief that humanity is moved most effectively by self-interest. Disease and lack of food were so prevalent in the camps that out of 117,000 people imprisoned, 20,000 died. It was plain that England would have to wait until after the writing of “Cargoes” for improved social programs and working conditions for the working classes. Another difference is that the cargo is a combination of imported goods (tin from Nigeria and Malaya) and “home-grown” goods such as coal and iron. Topazes, and cinnamon, and gold moidores. The gold moidores, or coins, are of Portuguese origin and are likely from Brazil, Portugal’s only Western colony. 1991: The Russian Empire breaks up from the mounting costs of competition and the cost of maintaining its empire. The first ship rows around the lands of the Old Testament, the second sails across the Atlantic Ocean sometime between the fifteenth and eighteenth century, and the third motors through the English Channel, probably at the turn of the twentieth century, the time the poem was written. It appears Masefield longed, despite the drawbacks, for the glory days of the ruling monarchy. Here, the key to understanding the underlying statement of the poem, all metrical pyrotechnics aside, is in an examination of the ships that he chooses as the focus for each stanza. in England, Masefield found steady employment, first with a business firm and then at a bank, which provided a stable enough income for him to recover from his ill health. 'Cargoes' Quinquireme of Nineveh from distant Ophir, Rowing home to haven in sunny Palestine, With a cargo of ivory, And apes and peacocks, Sandalwood, cedarwood, and sweet white wine. Index by Genre

Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Try to be precise in your answer. The Lamonts would, on occasion, help Masefield out with money for theater projects. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. (October 16, 2020). The first ship rows right from the Bible’s Old Testament, Kings I. Masefield, John, Poems, New York: Macmillan, 1947. Masefield’s second trip to America in 1918—the United States had already entered the war—was made to strengthen ties between Britain and America. As Poet Laureate, Masefield generated awards for younger poets, held verse recitations, and generally stimulated literary activity. I was going to be a writer, come what might.” Masefield would stay in New York as a tramp, doing odd jobs and wandering about to evade detectives employed by his uncle to find him. By 1900, Masefield had become a literary man, visiting W. B. Yeats’s Monday evenings of liquor and literature and meeting people such as Irish playwright John Millington Synge and the scholar-poet Lawrence Binyon. Instead of just importing goods from other climes to make itself wealthy as Israel and Spain had, Britain was destroying itself—through procuring and processing—in order to make itself rich. As I briefly mentioned, much of this cargo was used for two building projects: Solomon’s temple and palace. List reasons why road rails, pig-lead, firewood, ironware, and cheap tin trays are apparently less desirable than topazes, cinnamon, diamonds, ivory, and exotic animals. In the U.S. Navy the term boat refers to any vessel that is small enough to be…, Drake, Francis Besides, the upper classes would say, workers had chosen these conditions since, if they wanted to, they could work harder and climb out of poverty. Yet one third of its people lived a ghastly existence: “Conditions were so bad that it was believed they were producing degenerate physical types, anaemic mothers of rickety children, young men incapable of defending the Motherland and the Empire.” Among the hard hit were dockers, those who loaded and unloaded British coasters. BOTN: 1541 • Tavistock, England It was to gather knowledge of American aid for French medical units, the report of which, it was hoped, would enlist more support from America for the war effort. The discovery of diamonds and gold, however, and the increasing desire of the British to create a corridor of possession over the whole East-African coast to monopolize access to the Indian Ocean and their prized possession, India, changed British plans. Laborers had little recourse but to accept their lot and do the best they could. Ivory was also brought back from Ophir. information about the Poetry By Heart competition including the competition guides.

This dirty British coaster, a ship engaged in coastal trading, sounds like a vessel of Masefield’s own time. The material is not bound for royalty and nobility, but for the captains of industry to process. Butting through the Channel in the mad March days, The ionic (major), as a measure, is graceful, archaic, and leisurely, with the two leading, heavy stresses echoing the solemnity of a spondee, but without the unrelieved gravity that the funereal and drumlike spondee implies. First it is bound not for kings, but for industrialists who will process it and sell it—directly or indirectly—to masses of people forced into cities because they had been formerly dispossessed of land and because they are needed to stoke the furnace of industry.

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