"In the year that king Uzziah died, I saw the Lord ..." The king Uzziah is thought to have been the cousin of Isaiah; and he was no doubt held in highest honor and appreciation by the prophet. Then said I, Woe is me! Isaiah 6:1. The prophecy is stated in different forms. More conservative scholars find many objections to that understanding of it. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. At any rate, his death was a public tragedy and occasion of great sorrow.
“Here am I, send me.” Now see what a sorrowful mission God, in these next verses, assured Isaiah that his ministry so far as the conversion of the Jews were concerned, would be altogether fruitless; they would not receive his testimony. Whenever you read in the Old Testament that any man saw the Lord, understand it of the Second Person of the Divine Trinity, the Lord Jesus Christ. It was fulfilled primarily in the events of the conquest of Israel by Babylon, the destruction and captivity of many of the people; but the ultimate fulfillment came when the Romans under Vespasian and Titus destroyed Jerusalem, put to death 1,100,000, crucified 30,000 young men upon the broken walls of Jerusalem, deported thousands to Egypt, and destroyed the government of Israel for almost two millenniums. He sets the standard; they fall short of it. "His train filled all the temple ..." The marginal note gives "skirts" instead of "train" here. Whenever you read in the Old Testament that any man saw the Lord, understand it of the Second Person of the Divine Trinity, the Lord Jesus Christ. Commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13 (Read Isaiah 6:9-13) God sends Isaiah to foretell the ruin of his people. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. The Hardening of Israel, here prophesied by Isaiah, is a Biblical phenomenon of the utmost importance; and it is extensively illustrated by examples of it given in the holy Bible.
True, all men, in the presence of God, must inevitably be overcome with a sense of wickedness and unworthiness; but that is a different thing altogether from being as wicked as are those in full rebellion against God. And, therefore, the Jewish nation is not destroyed, but still exists, and the Church of God is not destroyed, despite all that happens to it. Isaiah 6:2. We fully agree with Lowth that this vision (of Isaiah 6) could be, "A new designation to introduce more solemnly a general declaration of the whole course of God's dispensations in regard to his people and the fate of the nation (Israel).". This exposition consisted of readings from John 12:37-50; Isaiah 6. Salem Media Group. ", "Go and tell this people ..." This must be contrasted with "Go and tell my people." All rights reserved. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and turn again, and be healed. John 12:37-50. Isaiah 6:1.
Bibliography InformationSpurgeon, Charle Haddon. “Then said I, woe is me!” All God’s saints do this when they get a view of him. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. What awe and trembling should be upon us when we wait upon God, if even the posts of the dove move!
Thus, we should understand Isaiah's confession of sin here as a conscious realization of the wickedness of all flesh in the sight of God, and not as an admission that he was just as wicked as the Jews generally were in that rebellious era. for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts. Then he thought of his own lips. Many hear the sound of God's word, but do not feel the power of it. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. There was never a boastful thought in any man’s mind in the presence of God. Paul's declaration that "all Israel shall be saved" is frequently misunderstood to be a declaration that all of the old racial Israel shall be saved; but the Israel Paul was speaking of in that passage is the spiritual Israel, from which the racial Israel is indeed not excluded, but which is not connected in any manner whatever with racial considerations. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. They that talk of their own purity have not known God, neither seen him. Chapter 6. Here, as Dummelow pointed out, "The result of Isaiah's preaching is spoken of as if it were the purpose of it.".
And if there be yet a tenth in it, it also shall in turn be eaten up; as a terebinth, and as an oak, whose stock remaineth when they are felled; so the holy seed is the stock thereof. God sometimes, in righteous judgment, gives men up to blindness of mind, because they will not receive the truth in the love of it.
If it was Isaiah's call to the prophetic office, why should it have been placed this deep into the prophecy? Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar: And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Furthermore, at the very beginning of Isaiah, his prophecies were identified with the reign of King Uzziah and other kings; and, since this vision is placed in the year of Uzziah's death, with the evident presumption that King Uzziah was already dead, making this vision the first one Isaiah ever had would leave no room for those prophecies clearly stated to have occurred in Uzziah's reign. Just where he felt the impurity, there he felt the expiation. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. And he answered, Until cities be waste without inhabitant, and houses without man, and the land become utterly waste, and Jehovah have removed men far away, and the forsaken places be many in the midst of the land. ", "And he said, Go and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. He is "set apart" from His subjects in a moral sense as well. It appears to this writer, therefore, that there is a better explanation of this chapter than the current fad of making it Isaiah's call to the prophetic office. According to that word, he shall shake not only earth, but also heaven. The consequences of judicial hardening are very extensive. Paul called this a "mystery"; and indeed it is, because the hardening of Israel did not issue in the total death of the people, as previously had been the case with hardened peoples, as with Pharaoh and the Egyptians, Sodom and Gomorrah, Tyre and Sidon, and many others.
I SAW THE LORD SITTING ON A THRONE, high and lifted up.. This is the cry of all the purified when they come into the presence of God “Woe is me, for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips.” What made him think of lips, but the voice of the seraphim as responsively they cried to one another, “Holy, holy, holy”? Israel's salvation could never have come from the activity of any earthly king, no matter how good, or how great. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. This statement is variously understood; but we find Lowth's comment on this fully in line with all that is known about it. Israel is no longer God's people, but "this people". And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate, And the LORD have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land. The true reason for God's appearance to Isaiah in this marvelous vision lies in the importance of the tremendously significant prophecy that Isaiah was here commissioned to deliver to Israel, namely, Israel's final and fatal apostasy that resulted in their official judicial hardening by God himself.  If this should be allowed, then the live coal from off the altar would be a symbol of that greater and all-sufficient sacrifice in Christ that the ancient altar typified. As Lowth said, "The phrase, In the year that king Uzziah died, probably means `after the death of Uzziah'; as the same phrase, Isaiah 24:28, means `after the death of Ahaz.'". Furthermore, this designation was not confined to Israel, the northern kingdom; but "Even Judah, under certain circumstances, is addressed contemptuously as `this people' in Isaiah 8:11,28:11,14, and Isaiah 39:13,14. He makes himself as we have said, visible to men, and God in him. The meaning is simply that God "passed over" his sins as explained in Romans 3:23-26. "The god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving" (2 Corinthians 4:4).
“But yet in it shall be a tenth.” There is always a gleam of light from God’s grace in the thickest darkness of his justice. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/isaiah-6.html. Note our assumption here that Uzziah was already dead when this vision came to Isaiah. Examples of this are Gideon (Judges 6:22), Manoah (Judges 13:22), Job (Job 42:5,6), Peter (Luke 5:8), John (Revelation 1:17), and the thief on the cross (Luke 23:40,41). The forgiveness of Isaiah's sin here was not final and absolute, because the ultimate price of all human redemption from sin had not at that time been paid in the bloody sacrifice of Jesus Christ himself. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? "Robes" might be a better word. "How long ...?" This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. Notice how humble they are in that presence; they cover themselves before that Infinite Majesty. Isaiah 6:9-10. Isaiah 6:5-7. Here it appears imperatively; but in other places the prophecy is referred to as self-accomplished as in Acts 28:27, or as having occurred passively as in Matthew 13:13-15.
If he had been, God most certainly would not have entrusted him with the commission given in this chapter. How could they! The Trinity is therefore the most logical answer to the question; but this is not absolutely certain. Both Noah (Genesis 7:1) and Lot (2 Peter 2:8) were called "righteous" in scripture; but no man is truly righteous in the ultimate sense. "And thy sin forgiven ..." "This forgiveness was not accomplished by any physical effect of fire to cleanse from sin, but in relation to that altar-sacrifice, of which Messiah in his death was to be the antitype.
Thus we may say that God hardened Israel, that Israel hardened themselves, and further, that Satan hardened their hearts. Throughout the Bible, this reaction on the part of any person becoming aware of God's presence is normal, indeed without exception. Above it stood the seraphims: each on had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. Also I heard the voice of the lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? And one cried upon another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And I heard the voice of the Lord saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? All other rights reserved. In the year that he died Isaiah saw a greater King, whom no defilement can ever touch, a King that reigneth and lives for ever, though Uzziah dies. Then said I, Here am I, send me.
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