All the Gospel writers make the connection in no uncertain terms. . After all, John came from the desert and (in Josephus’ mind) emphasized ritual purity. . (Genesis 42:1–28), The remaining brothers returned to their father in Canaan, and told him all that had transpired in Egypt. [84] The remaining verses describe the migration of jacob's family to Egypt and the emotional meeting of Jacob and his long lost son, Joseph. The steward put them at ease, telling them not to worry about the money, and brought out their brother Simeon.

Joseph wept as they spoke and told them that what had happened was God's purpose to save lives and the lives of his family. 21. ", 18.6.4, "And now Agrippa was come to Puteoli, whence he wrote a letter to Tiberius Caesar, who then lived at Capreae, and told him that he was come so far in order to wait on him, and to pay him a visit; and desired that he would give him leave to come over to Caprein. d. Josephus seems to indicate that John’s followers were very dedicated to him (118). as well as the institution of the Sanhedrin (Ant.

In this case, Josephus, who was a contemporary of the disciples, is referenced in support of biblical accuracy. Josephus’s works provide us with valuable details that do not survive in any other records. Following the prediction, Joseph became Vizier, under the name of Zaphnath-Paaneah,[18] and was given Asenath, the daughter of Potipherah, priest of On,[19] to be his wife. This is important when authenticating the Bible and this is why external references are sometimes useful.

Steve Mason, Josephus and the New Testament, (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1992), 153, 54, who thinks that the two descriptions are essentially similar. Josephus later divorced his third wife. 3. 5.

Though many Jews viewed Josephus as a traitor, he nevertheless remained loyal to his people.

Josephus suggested a method of collective suicide;[27] they drew lots and killed each other, one by one, counting to every third person. [52] Others compare the burial of his bones at Shechem, with the disposal of Dionysus's bones at Delphi. It is described as the 'best of stories'.

Whatever sources he used, they seem to represent a slightly different tradition than the Gospel writers. [3], In rabbinic tradition, Joseph is considered the ancestor of another Messiah called, "Mashiach ben Yosef", according to which he will wage war against the evil forces alongside Mashiach ben David and die in combat with the enemies of God and Israel. 14. Moses, led there by an ancient holy woman named Serach, was able by a miracle to raise the sarcophagus and to take it with him at the time of the Exodus.

[30], While being confined at Yodfat (Jotapata), Josephus claimed to have experienced a divine revelation that later led to his speech predicting Vespasian would become emperor.

And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him; for he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him. His interest in his writing is not to catalogue the beginnings and developments within Christianity—he is perhaps more interested, as Mason affirms, in developing an apologetic for the Jewish people.9, Josephus mentions Jesus Christ (i.e. He became an advisor and friend of Vespasian's son Titus, serving as his translator when Titus led the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE.

18. Josephus first engaged the Roman army at a village called Garis, where he launched an attack against Sepphoris a second time, before being repulsed.

"[61], His preface to Antiquities offers his opinion early on, saying, "Upon the whole, a man that will peruse this history, may principally learn from it, that all events succeed well, even to an incredible degree, and the reward of felicity is proposed by God. Cause me to die as a Muslim and join me with the righteous " (Qur'an 12:101). In fact, it works completely the opposite; it further confirms the Gospel presentation of John as the one who preceded the Messiah. Josephus shares details about biblical people and places that don’t appear in the Bible. In terms of some of his sources for the project, Josephus says that he drew from and "interpreted out of the Hebrew Scriptures"[70] and that he was an eyewitness to the wars between the Jews and the Romans,[69] which were earlier recounted in Jewish Wars. Scholars know that Josephus often errs on the chronologies of first-century events with which he was quite familiar.

. Josephus's life story remains ambiguous. Because the Pharaoh had such a high regard for Joseph, practically making him his equal,[25] it had been an honor to meet his father. 14 14 The term “us” (hJmi`n) does seem a bit “unprofessional” at first, but apparently, according to Schurer (434), Josephus made a habit of doing this in the Antiquities. Their response is most noble and clearly demonstrates that they were still clinging to the Temple and their traditions in spite of the coming of Christ and the abrogation of the Law.

Posted by. He initially fought against the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War as head of Jewish forces in Galilee, until surrendering in 67 CE to Roman forces led by Vespasian after the six-week siege of Jotapata.

[51], For many years, the works of Josephus were largely known in Europe only in an imperfect Latin translation from the original Greek. The text implies that Jospehus held it to be true. 1-4, 8; Aristobulus II (Ant. Also, regarding the authenticity of the passage, one must consider the question of Origen, who never mentions it; cf. The following morning the brothers began their journey back to Canaan. 6. So they immediately informed the steward of what had transpired to get a feel of the situation. And as it was budding, its blossoms came out and they produced grapes. He blames Jewish zealots, whom he calls “bandits” and “brigands,” for the collapse of Jewish society in the first century. 3).

When the brothers revealed to the father that a wolf had eaten Joseph, he observed patience.

His father then remarked, “Now let me die, since I have seen your face, because you are still alive.” (Genesis 46:1–34). 8. Therefore it cannot be used to recreate a “John” that stands outside the tradition of the Gospel writers. Many other dates are secured by Josephus with respect to the Roman governors. 3 and 20. And, when no such external knowledge exists to confirm or deny his report, we must consider internal evidence, his habits, what kind of man he says he was, etc. 3) as we have it today. A. W. Mosley, “Historical Reporting and the Ancient World,” New Testament Studies (October 1965): 23 and Broshi, 383, 84. (1970). Richard N. Longenecker, The Acts of the Apostles, The Expositors Bible Commentary, ed. Yes. [citation needed] It consistently portrayed him as a member of the sect and as a traitor to the Jewish nation—a view which became known as the classical concept of Josephus. See also, 18:3:1, 2, 3; 18:4:1, 2, 5, etc. ", 20:9:1, "Festus was now dead, and Albinus was but upon the road; so he assembled the Sanhedrim of judges, and brought before them the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James, and some others, [or, some of his companions]; and when he had formed an accusation against them as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned: but as for those who seemed the most equitable of the citizens, and such as were the most uneasy at the breach of the laws, they disliked what was done;", For information on the Testimonium Flavanium (the quotes of Josephus about Jesus) please see, 20:9:1, "And now Caesar, upon hearing the death of Festus, sent Albinus into Judea, as procurator.". It is verified by other sources. grade Double your impact! . Point (d) above, where Josephus says that John’s baptism was for the purification of the body and not for the remission of sins, seems to be at odds somewhat with the Gospel accounts. 14.

[34], In 71 CE, he went to Rome in the entourage of Titus, becoming a Roman citizen and client of the ruling Flavian dynasty (hence he is often referred to as Flavius Josephus). 13. It appears to be a declaration of faith. For such an incredible assertion to be made, without explanation, implies its unequivocal acceptance—hardly the position of Josephus. Joseph in Egypt: a cultural icon from Grotius to Goethe. Joseph understood what they were saying and removed himself from their presence because he was caught in emotion.

The works of Josephus include useful material for historians about individuals, groups, customs, and geographical places.

Josephus says that “Archelaus took possession of the ethnarchy, and used not the Jews only, but the Samaritans, also, barbarously” (War 2. Matthew, Mark, Luke say that great multitudes followed John and were baptized by him. It is John the Baptist who historically affirmed his connection with Jesus; and the Gospel writers record this tradition—unless of course, the Gospel writers are putting words into the mouth of John that he never spoke or intended. 21) and was indeed responsible for rebuilding the Jewish Temple at no small personal expense (War 1.

With Reuben and Judah's persistence, they persuaded their father to let Benjamin join them for fear of Egyptian retribution. 9. The first English translation, by Thomas Lodge, appeared in 1602, with subsequent editions appearing throughout the 17th century.

[37] Impressed with Joseph's interpretations, Pharaoh appoints him as second-in-command (Gen 41:41). 18. His theory states that a first "Reuben version" of the story originated in the northern kingdom of Israel and was intended to justify the domination by the “house of Joseph” over the other tribes; this was followed by a later “Judah-expansion” (chapters 38 and 49) elevating Judah as the rightful successor to Jacob; and finally various embellishments were added so that the novella would function as the bridge between the Abraham-Isaac-Jacob material in Genesis and the following story of Moses and the Exodus.[34]. [58][3][59][60][61], In the midrash, the selling of Joseph was part of God's divine plan for him to save his tribes. When they met, they embraced each other and wept together for quite a while.

[4], Joseph, son of Jacob and Rachel, lived in the land of Canaan with ten half-brothers, one full brother, and at least one half-sister. Joseph ordered the steward to go after the brothers and question them about the "missing" silver cup. 3.

A cross-reference apparatus for Whiston's version of Josephus and the biblical canon also exists.

At this time, Joseph's father was 147 years old and bedridden. This may provide the background to the slaying of the children recorded in Matthew 2:16. According to Josephus, the Jews recognized 22 books as the Scriptures of the Jewish Bible.

As a teenager, Josephus spent time with various Jewish sects and knew them well.

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