Gandhi went from a racist young man to a racist middle-aged man", "For Gandhi, Kallenbach was a Friend and Guide", "Gandhi – A Medium for Truth" (link to article in, "Mbeki: Mahatma Gandhi Satyagraha 100th Anniversary (01/10/2006)", Chronology of Mahatma Gandhi's Life:India 1918, "Satyagraha Laboratories of Mahatma Gandhi", "Mahatma Gandhi | Philosopher & Teacher | Blue Plaques", "the video shows MKGs populariy in the poorer districts", "Gandhi, Jinnah Meet First Time Since '44; Disagree on Pakistan, but Will Push Peace", "Of all faiths and races, together they shed their silent tears", "Gandhi's ashes to rest at sea, not in a museum", "Mahatma Gandhi – The religious quest | Biography, Accomplishments, & Facts", Gandhi's Concept of Truth and the Advaita Tradition, What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables, "Gandhi's Dream of Hindu-Muslim Unity and its two Offshoots in the Middle East", "Gandhi's Views on the Resolution of the Conflict in Palestine: A Note", "Towards an understanding of Gandhi's views on Science", "Mahatma Gandhi's Underweight Health Records Revealed For the 1st Time; Know his Heart Health, Serious Diseases", "Thrill of the chaste: The truth about Gandhi's sex life", Journal of the American Academy of Religion, "Among the Hagiographers (A book review of "Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India" by Joseph Lelyveld)", "Gandhi on religion, faith and conversion: secular blueprint relevant today", "Revised edition of Bapu's works to be withdrawn", "Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (CWMG) Controversy", "King moved, as father was, on trip to Gandhi's memorial", "Commemorating Martin Luther King Jr.: Gandhi's influence on King", "The Sacred Warrior: The liberator of South Africa looks at the seminal work of the liberator of India", "A pacifist uncovered- Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pakistani pacifist", "Einstein on Gandhi (Einstein's letter to Gandhi – Courtesy:Saraswati Albano-Müller & Notes by Einstein on Gandhi – Source: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem )", "Of Gandhigiri and Green Lion, Al Gore wins hearts at Cannes", "Remarks by the President to the Joint Session of the Indian Parliament in New Delhi, India", "Obama steers clear of politics in school pep talk", "Houston community celebrates district named for Gandhi", "UN declares 2 October, Gandhi's birthday, as International Day of Nonviolence", "DENIP: School Day of Nonviolence and Peace", "University and Educational Intelligence", "Relevance of Gandhian Philosophy in the 21st Century", "Constitution does not permit any titles", "Constitution doesn't permit 'Father of the Nation' title: MHA", "Mahatma: Life of Gandhi, 1869–1948 (1968 – 5hrs 10min)", "The Case of the Missing Mahatma:Gandhi and the Hindi Cinema", "Movies – Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara (I Did Not Kill Gandhi) (2005)", "Appreciating Gandhi Through His Human Side", "Bharat Bhagya Vidhata' captivates the audience", "Obama Invokes Gandhi, Whose Ideal Eludes India", "Kanu Gandhi, Gandhiji's grandson and ex-Nasa scientist, dies", "Lodged in old age home in Delhi, Gandhi's grandson looks to Rajkot", Gandhi's correspondence with the Indian government 1942–1944, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Sangrahalaya Gandhi Museum & Library, Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu TCC, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, An Essay on Abstinence from Animal Food, as a Moral Duty, Moral Inquiries on the Situation of Man and of Brutes, Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian, Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahatma_Gandhi&oldid=986744728, International opponents of apartheid in South Africa, Presidents of the Indian National Congress, South African Indian Congress politicians, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Innumerable streets, roads and localities in India are named after M.K.Gandhi. [63] He was not allowed to sit with European passengers in the stagecoach and told to sit on the floor near the driver, then beaten when he refused; elsewhere he was kicked into a gutter for daring to walk near a house, in another instance thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg after refusing to leave the first-class. [208][213] Historian R.B. Not one of the marchers even raised an arm to fend off blows. Gandhi has worked closely with Christian priests and his philosophies are strongly influenced by Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and Christian ideas. [82], While in South Africa, Gandhi focused on racial persecution of Indians but ignored those of Africans. [26][59], In April 1893, Gandhi aged 23, set sail for South Africa to be the lawyer for Abdullah's cousin. Ač byl Čamparan odříznut od světa a Gándhího tam příliš v té době neznali, lid si jej okamžitě oblíbil.

According to Margaret Chatterjee, Gandhi as a Vaishnava Hindu shared values such as humility, devotion and brotherhood for the poor that is also found in Sufism.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ˈɡɑːndi, ˈɡændi/;[2] 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian lawyer,[3] anti-colonial nationalist,[4] and political ethicist,[5] who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule,[6] and in turn inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Ve svém životopise nezmínil asi nejstrašnější důsledek svého jednání. On 6 April 1919, a Hindu festival day, he asked a crowd to remember not to injure or kill British people, but to express their frustration with peace, to boycott British goods and burn any British clothing they owned. Gandhi and thirty-seven other Indians received the Queen's South Africa Medal. [296], Some colonial era Christian preachers and faithfuls considered Gandhi as a saint. He opposed purdah, child marriage, dowry and sati. Zprávy o zacházení s nimi se dostaly do celé jižní Afriky i Indie. Najednou byl Gándhí jen poutníkem, byl jediný, kdo s tím nesouhlasil – lid byl lačný po svobodě. WE were travelling in a third class railway compartment during Bapu's tour in the D. P. in 1929. [319][320], Gandhi championed animal rights in general. Na krátké období přispěl ke spojení hindů a muslimů, ale tato otázka byla složitější. [324], Gandhi strongly favoured the emancipation of women, and urged "the women to fight for their own self-development." Thousands of Indians joined him in Dandi. Gandhi attended University College, London which is a constituent college of University of London. He used terminology and phrases such as Rama-rajya from Ramayana, Prahlada as a paradigmatic icon, and such cultural symbols as another facet of swaraj and satyagraha. Ramayana and Mahabharata are household books in India and the heroes appearing in these two epics are very well known. They encouraged Gandhi to join them in reading the Bhagavad Gita both in translation as well as in the original.[56].

Gándhí se rozhodl pomoci všemi prostředky. [56] His attempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed because he was psychologically unable to cross-examine witnesses. Jak pravil: „Kdybych byl postaven před rozhodnutí mezi zbabělostí a násilím, zvolil bych násilí.“[zdroj?]. Sri. In 1919, following World War I, Gandhi (aged 49) sought political co-operation from Muslims in his fight against British imperialism by supporting the Ottoman Empire that had been defeated in the World War. A horrified American journalist, Webb Miller, described the British response thus: In complete silence the Gandhi men drew up and halted a hundred yards from the stockade. Matka i nejstarší bratr jako hlava rodu mu rozmlouvali záměr studovat v Anglii, po semestru na koleji v Bhavanagaru však svůj záměr prosadil. První satjágraha v Natalu a utrpení hrdinů, Podle Ruskina: 1) Dobro jedince je obsaženo v dobru všech 2) Práce advokáta má stejnou cenu jako práce holiče, Přísná zdrženlivost, pohlavní čistota a absolutní odříkání, Dle jeho filosofie: „Oplácej dobrem za zlo, za doušek vody oplať hojnou hostinou, na vlídný pozdrav odpověz hlubokou poklonou, za nepatrný halíř velký kus zlata dej, máš-li život spasit, na životě netrvej.“, Dle jeho slov: „Mravnost je základem všeho a pravda je podstatou mravnosti.“. A přece Gándhí stále tvrdil: „Lid nemá povahu násilnickou, nýbrž mírumilovnou.“ Gándhí nakonec pochopil, že stávka se mu vymkla z rukou.

"[37], In 1874, Gandhi's father Karamchand left Porbandar for the smaller state of Rajkot, where he became a counsellor to its ruler, the Thakur Sahib; though Rajkot was a less prestigious state than Porbandar, the British regional political agency was located there, which gave the state's diwan a measure of security. Museli například platit daň z hlavy a neměli volební právo. After two uncertain years in India, where he was unable to start a successful law practice, he moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit. [49], Gandhi came from a poor family, and he had dropped out of the cheapest college he could afford. Nevynašel nic nového, ale oprášil to staré a uvedl to v život – zejména myšlenky o etice. [143] The British side sought reforms that would keep Indian subcontinent as a colony. Gandhi inquired about his pay for the work. The Hindu leader, Tej Bahadur Sapru, declared in 1941, states Herman, "A good many Congress leaders are fed up with the barren program of the Mahatma". [120], People rioted in retaliation. [250] Gandhi's concept of satya as a civil movement, states Glyn Richards, are best understood in the context of the Hindu terminology of Dharma and Ṛta. Harilal is portrayed by Akshaye Khanna.

Vedení Kongresu včetně Gándhího bylo britskou vládou uvězněno. [101] After the war, the British government offered minor reforms instead, which disappointed Gandhi. The 2010 biography, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India by Joseph Lelyveld contained controversial material speculating about Gandhi's sexual life. In 1906[5] he married Gulab Gandhi, with whom he had had five children: two daughters, Rani and Manu; and three sons, Kantilal, Rasiklal and Shantilal. [371], Gandhi challenged Nehru and the modernisers in the late 1930s who called for rapid industrialisation on the Soviet model; Gandhi denounced that as dehumanising and contrary to the needs of the villages where the great majority of the people lived. For example, in 1935, N. A. Toothi stated that Gandhi was influenced by the reforms and teachings of the Swaminarayan tradition of Hinduism. No exception can possibly be taken to the natural desire of the Jews to find a home in Palestine. Gandhi worked hard to win public support for the agitation across the country. Zatímco Británie bojovala na Západě i Východě proti fašismu, v Indii vraždila podobně jako její nepřátelé. Gándhí se narodil jako občan anglické kolonie a z původně loajálního občana Britského impéria se postupně stal vůdcem indického boje za nezávislost.


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